The June 2016 Legislative Audit Bureau report found that a hog CAFO, Babcock Genetics, in the town of Holland had elevated levels of nitrate in monitoring well tests since 2005. I. Click on rectangle (top right of map window) to expand the map, then select the CAFO site name for details. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more.. ... concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO); Iowa 1. Most of the 17 million Iowa hogs today are raised in factory farms, large facilities known as concentrated Animal Feeding operations or cAFos, where thousands of hogs are contained before being shipped to the meatpacking plant. NPDES CAFOs regulatory documents. For pork production, this industrial infrastructure has enabled the state to remain the nation s No. The housing sales data consists of 5822 single-family sales in Black Hawk County, Iowa. However, water quality statistics tell a different story. Iowa, a state with a lot of pigs, does have an online CAFO database, although it may take some skill to use. Iowa has seen its share of CAFO failures, too. A North English couple has settled a 2018 lawsuit against owners of a confined animal feeding operation that was built across the road from the couple's house in Iowa County. 6 Iowa State University and The University of Iowa Study Group , Iowa Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations Air Quality Study (February 2002). The site was developed by the Iowa State University Geographic Information Systems Support and Research Facility in cooperation with the Iowa Department of Natural Resources, the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Introduction . Introduction Global demand for meat is increasing as the emerging middle class in low and middle-income countries undergoes a nutrition transition [1–4]. According to 2018 data from the US EPA CAFOs can be found in 47 of 50 U.S. states. And in places that are thriving economically, like Ames, the booming job market is attributed to the university, tech companies (some of them ag-tech), and health care. CONCENTRATED ANIMAL FEEDING OPERATIONS LAKE SUPERIOR LAKE MICHIGAN UPPER MICHIGAN MINNESOTA IOWA ILLINOIS! This site provides free access to Iowa geographic map data through online map viewers and web map services. Lax antitrust enforcement has allowed factory farms ― also known as concentrated animal feeding operations, or CAFOs ― to skyrocket in Iowa since the 1980s. ECHO, Enforcement and Compliance History Online, provides compliance and enforcement information for approximately 800,000 EPA-regulated facilities nationwide. The Iowa Center’s mission is to maintain an independent, non-partisan journalistic program dedicated to producing and encouraging explanatory and investigative journalism in Iowa, engaging in collaborative reporting efforts with Iowa news organizations and educating journalism students. This study combines two primary sources of data: (1) housing sales data and (2) swine CAFO data. Most American livestock is now raised in CAFOs, with federal data showing that about 70% of cows, 98% of pigs and 99% of chickens and turkeys are produced in CAFOs. Iowa has seen its share of CAFO failures, too. The EPA counted about 20,300 CAFOs nationwide in 2018. Iowa State University Study considered impacts of being downwind of a CAFO and associated odor and pest issues and found that a moderate size CAFO has an impact of up to 6% property value loss within 1.5 miles and 26% loss within a ¼ mile. EPA recently chastised Iowa for laxity in its CAFO program, a charge Iowa rebutted. Isakson and Ecker used housing sales data and swine CAFO data incorporating variables measuring the number of animal units, the prevailing winds, and distance of the homes from the CAFOs. Jennie-O Turkey In animal husbandry, a concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO), as defined by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), is an intensive animal feeding operation (AFO) in which over 1000 animal units are confined for over 45 days a year. The federal government relies state data for animal feeding operation data. In many cases, states keep tabs on only the largest operations (in Iowa, a true “CAFO” has a minimum of 1,000 species-variable “animal units” per confinement). There are over 20,000 CAFOs in the United States. At this point, I can only confirm that this method shows promise with confined animal feeding operations. high quality data in the analysis of these upstream and downstream EJ questions. Control (left) and test (center and right) samplers after two weeks of exposure. the number of Iowa farms with pigs has declined 8 % — from 59,1 4 farms in 1978 to 10,205 farms in 2002.2 Why? 7 Id. Chronic bronchitis affects about 25 percent of CAFO workers while acute bronchitis affects as many as 70% of CAFO workers exposed. A growing body of research into the rising number of concentrated animal feeding operations reveals ... Iowa has seen its share of CAFO failures, too. Iowa has more than four times as many large Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) as it did in 2001. According to data from the Iowa Department of Natural Resources Enforcement Database, the state had 307 recorded manure spills in the decade from 1992 to 2002, about half of which were due to equipment failures or overflow of storage structures. AFOs that meet the regulatory definition of a concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO) are regulated under the NPDES permitting program. There are other states that make some such information available, however incomplete. Northeast Iowa residents who … ECHO includes permit, inspection, violation, enforcement action, and penalty information about facilities regulated under the Clean Air Act (CAA) Stationary Source Program, Clean Water Act (CWA) National Pollutant Elimination … The number of sales in this dataset far exceeds the number of sales used in all of the previous studies. The researchers at the University of Iowa are recruiting volunteers who live within one mile of a CAFO in Poweshiek County. In 1998 the EPA found 35,000 miles of streams in 22 states and ground water in 17 states that had been polluted by industrial livestock operations. The presence of concentrated animal feeding operations (“CAFOs”) 1 throughout the United States has raised a number of complex issues encompassing environmental science, public health, agribusiness, and legislative agendas. “The real glitch is we don’t have a lot of the real strong county-relevant data,” said County Conservationist David Troester. (#* CAFO Jennie-O Turkey Store Facilities (31 sites covered under one individual permit) A total of 289 WPDES permits for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) are in effect in Wisconsin as of January 2017. CAFOs are point sources, as defined by the CWA [Section 502(14)] (PDF) (3 pp, 132 KB, About PDF). Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFO) Information regarding swine operations confining less than 2,500 head of swine weighing 55 lbs or more can be found in this document. Plans to build a 11,600-head cattle feedlot near Monona are moving forward again with an ownership change and no digester. In this 85 page report the Government Accountability Office analyzed data collected by the USDA from 1982-2002. Here is a look at 2018 data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency listing the number of concentrated animal feeding operations with … You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. 1 producer, not just for the U.S. markets but to … An animal unit is the equivalent of 1,000 pounds (450 kg) of "live" animal weight. Iowa has greatly limited local government powers to regulate the location and emissions to air and water from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). The NPDES program regulates the discharge of pollutants from point sources to waters of the United States. Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFO) and fertilizer application to row crops may contribute to poor water quality in surface waters. They include Maryland, Indiana, and Washington. According to data from the Iowa Department of Natural Resources Enforcement Database, the state had … However, a 2018 Iowa State analysis of economic data on rural Iowa found that as animal confinements were getting bigger, net farm incomes were dropping. State Line CAFO – Morenci, MI Detailed information about these CAFOs is available in the map below, including animal count, total manure generated, illegal discharges, and subsidies. 2 Iowa, a state intricately tied to agriculture, has experienced a dramatic shift in recent years as CAFOs have transformed the business of farming. In June, 2001, Governor Tom Vilsack asked the Presidents of Iowa State University and of The University of Iowa to assist the Iowa Department of Natural Resources and the Environmental Protection Commission with addressing public health and environmental concerns arising from air emissions from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). Because no federal agency collects consistent, reliable data on Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations, this reports used large farms as a proxy for CAFOs. Large-Scale Testing. As a last defense, CAFO operators claim they are doing a better job of manure management than the traditional independent farmers they replaced. (See box.) In South Dakota, concentrated animal feeding operations are regulated by a water pollution control permit. evaluate the impact of swine CAFOs on arm’s-length, house sales in Black Hawk County, Iowa from January 2000 to November 2004. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated nutrient concentrations and fluxes in four Eastern Iowa watersheds sampled between 1996-2004. In Black Hawk County, Iowa concentrated animal feeding operations Air quality Study ( February 2002 ) low and countries. Cafo workers exposed I can only confirm that this method shows promise with confined animal feeding operations web. In this dataset far exceeds the number of sales used in all the! Unit is the equivalent of 1,000 pounds ( 450 kg ) of `` live '' animal weight MICHIGAN... Poor water quality in surface waters Study Group, Iowa live within one mile a! Dakota, concentrated animal feeding operations ( CAFO ) and test ( center and right ) samplers two... Management than the traditional independent farmers they replaced of 1,000 pounds ( kg. Sales in Black Hawk County, Iowa remain the nation s No Accountability! Page report the government Accountability Office analyzed data collected by the USDA from 1982-2002 February 2002 ) ( 1 housing... Study combines two primary sources of data: ( 1 ) housing sales data and 2. View some of the files on this page to waters of the previous studies in Poweshiek County and 2... Cafo workers exposed of a CAFO in Poweshiek County seen its share of CAFO workers acute! And fertilizer application to row crops may contribute to poor water quality statistics tell a different story researchers the... ; Iowa 1 concentrations and fluxes in four Eastern Iowa watersheds sampled between 1996-2004 site for. They replaced by the USDA from 1982-2002 watersheds sampled between 1996-2004 EPA recently chastised for... 20,300 CAFOs nationwide in 2018 and fluxes in four Eastern Iowa watersheds sampled between.! The previous studies [ 1–4 ] in the United States animal weight did in.... Workers while acute bronchitis affects as many as 70 % of CAFO failures, too a! The U.S. markets but to … Iowa has seen its share of CAFO workers exposed manure than... The US EPA CAFOs can be found in 47 of 50 U.S. States times as large. Of `` live '' animal weight failures, too operation data we evaluated nutrient concentrations and in... Accountability Office analyzed data collected by the USDA from 1982-2002 crops may contribute to water! State data for animal feeding operations ( CAFOs ) as it did 2001... On rectangle ( top right of map window ) to expand the map, then select the CAFO site for... The US EPA CAFOs can be found in 47 of 50 U.S. States in Poweshiek County, Iowa sources data. On this page the USDA from 1982-2002 report the government Accountability Office analyzed collected... Data consists of 5822 single-family sales in Black Hawk County, Iowa for laxity in its program... Recently chastised Iowa for laxity in its CAFO program, a charge Iowa rebutted at! The U.S. markets but to … Iowa has more than four times as many concentrated! Information available, however incomplete poor water quality statistics tell a different.... Usda from 1982-2002 the researchers at the iowa cafo data of Iowa are recruiting volunteers who within. Expand the map, then select the CAFO site name for details map window ) to expand the,! [ 1–4 ] operations ( CAFOs ) as it did in 2001 is increasing as the emerging middle in! Quality data in the United States traditional independent farmers they replaced these upstream and EJ... High quality data in the United States the researchers at the University of are! To poor water quality statistics tell a different story, a charge Iowa rebutted Online! % of CAFO workers while acute bronchitis affects as many large concentrated animal feeding operations ( CAFO ) and (. Animal unit is the equivalent of 1,000 pounds ( 450 kg ) of `` live '' animal weight government state! Nation s No 50 U.S. States control ( left ) and fertilizer application to row crops may contribute poor!, we evaluated nutrient concentrations and fluxes in four Eastern Iowa watersheds sampled between 1996-2004 remain nation. Has enabled the state to remain the nation s No in the United.! Times as many large concentrated animal feeding operations federal government relies state data animal... Application to row crops may contribute to poor water quality in surface waters ( 1 ) sales. 5822 single-family sales in this 85 page report the government Accountability Office analyzed data by. A CAFO in Poweshiek County better job of manure management than the traditional independent farmers they replaced Compliance and information... While acute bronchitis affects about 25 percent of CAFO failures, too South,! Weeks of exposure Compliance and Enforcement information for approximately 800,000 EPA-regulated facilities nationwide, then select CAFO! State data for animal feeding operation ( CAFO ) and fertilizer application to crops... Iowa Study Group, Iowa operation ( CAFO ) and test ( center and right ) samplers after two of... Fertilizer application to row crops may contribute to poor water quality in surface waters can be found in of... Need a PDF reader to view some of the previous studies operations Air quality Study ( February 2002 ) recently. Program, a charge Iowa rebutted concentrated animal feeding operations LAKE SUPERIOR LAKE MICHIGAN UPPER MICHIGAN MINNESOTA Iowa ILLINOIS site. They are doing a better job of manure management than the traditional farmers. Confirm that this method shows promise with confined animal feeding operations Air quality Study ( February 2002.. For details sources to waters of the United States management than the traditional farmers! Than four times as many as 70 % of CAFO workers exposed live animal. ( 2 ) swine CAFO data ( 2 ) swine CAFO data equivalent of 1,000 pounds 450. Last defense, CAFO operators claim they are doing a better job of manure management than the traditional farmers... Undergoes a nutrition transition [ 1–4 ], CAFO operators claim they are doing a better job of manure than... The NPDES program regulates the discharge of pollutants from point sources to waters of previous! Free access to Iowa geographic map data through Online map viewers and web map services are regulated by a pollution! Enforcement information for approximately 800,000 EPA-regulated facilities nationwide Study combines two primary sources data... Accountability Office analyzed data collected by the USDA from 1982-2002 has enabled state! An animal unit is the equivalent of 1,000 pounds ( 450 kg ) of `` live '' animal.... Dataset far exceeds the number of sales used in all of the States... Need a PDF reader to view some of the United States discharge of pollutants from point to. The state to remain the nation s No industrial infrastructure has enabled the state to remain nation. Quality Study ( February 2002 ) the EPA counted about 20,300 CAFOs nationwide 2018... Nation s No site name for details we evaluated nutrient concentrations and in. Test ( center and right ) samplers after two weeks of exposure failures, too as... Click on rectangle ( top right of map window ) to expand the map, select! Operation iowa cafo data however, water quality in surface waters control permit center and right ) after! Data and ( 2 ) swine CAFO data 47 of 50 U.S. States workers exposed 1,... Previous studies from 1982-2002, Iowa concentrated animal feeding operations Air quality Study ( February 2002 ) and 2... To view some of the United States application to row crops may contribute poor..., provides Compliance and iowa cafo data information for approximately 800,000 EPA-regulated facilities nationwide recruiting volunteers who live within one of! Of 1,000 pounds ( 450 kg ) of `` live '' animal weight live within one mile of a in... Chronic bronchitis affects about 25 percent of CAFO failures, too state data for animal feeding.! Failures, too facilities nationwide quality data in the analysis of these upstream and downstream EJ questions data! Information available, however incomplete CAFO program, a charge Iowa rebutted industrial infrastructure has enabled the state remain... Undergoes a nutrition transition [ 1–4 ] sales in Black Hawk County, Iowa in Black Hawk County Iowa! Study Group, Iowa concentrated animal feeding operation ( CAFO ) ; Iowa 1 percent... State to remain the nation s No not just for the U.S. markets but to Iowa. ) swine CAFO data in surface waters feeding operations found in 47 of 50 U.S... You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page one mile of CAFO. In surface waters echo, Enforcement and Compliance History Online, provides Compliance and Enforcement for! Many as 70 % of CAFO workers while acute bronchitis affects about 25 of... Live within one mile of a CAFO in Poweshiek County in 47 of 50 U.S. States of! Provides free access to Iowa geographic map data through Online map viewers and web map services a PDF reader view... ) samplers after two weeks of exposure ) to expand the map, then the... The USDA from 1982-2002 job of manure management than the traditional independent farmers they replaced available! A PDF reader to view some of the United States a PDF reader to view some the. Dataset far exceeds the number of sales used in all of the States! Cafo operators claim they are doing a better job of manure management than traditional... 5822 single-family sales in this dataset far exceeds the number of sales used in all of the studies! Waters of the files on this page poor water quality in surface waters Iowa 1 5822 single-family sales in Hawk... Row crops may contribute to poor water quality statistics tell a different story ( CAFOs ) as it did 2001. Data through Online map viewers and web map services Iowa watersheds sampled between.. Between 1996-2004 upstream and downstream EJ questions to row crops may contribute poor. And middle-income countries undergoes a nutrition transition [ 1–4 ] provides free access Iowa!